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2017 Summit

London and Oxfordshire

Outstanding young scholars, scientists, and entrepreneurs gathered together in London and Oxfordshire, England, to exchange ideas with the world’s leaders in the arts, business, science and public service for the 52nd annual International Achievement Summit, October 17-21, 2017.

For the second time in its history, the American Academy of Achievement traveled to London, England for an International Achievement Summit steeped in history and overflowing with the wisdom of leading thinkers from both sides of the Atlantic.

Wayne R. Reynolds, Summit Host Catherine B. Reynolds, and the 2017 delegates at Claridge’s Hotel in London, England, prior to the opening reception and dinner during the 52nd annual International Achievement Summit.

From October 17 to 19, 2017, the 52nd International Achievement Summit brought 75 of the world’s outstanding young scholars, scientists, entrepreneurs and public servants to London to meet with the Academy’s new honorees and its Awards Council, made up of past recipients of the Academy’s Golden Plate Award. These attendees included ten recipients of the Nobel Prize, two Presidents, two Supreme Court Justices, and legendary figures from the worlds of arts and letters, music and motion pictures. Thirty new honorees were inducted into the Academy during two days of fascinating discussions held at the storied hotel Claridge’s in the heart of London’s elegant Mayfair district.

Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States: Anthony M. Kennedy presents the Academy of Achievement’s Golden Plate Award to Neil Gorsuch during the 2017 International Achievement Summit at Claridge’s in London.

Much has happened in the world since the Academy’s first London Summit in 2000. Commentators lament the decline of civility in public discourse and decry the increasing polarization of public opinion into irreconcilable camps, each unwilling to entertain alternative points of view. The International Achievement Summit provides an opportunity to transcend such antagonisms, and to promote the exchange of ideas between disciplines, between nations and generations, and across conventional divisions of ideology.

Academy Awards Council member Bill Clinton, 42nd President of the United States, with 2017 honoree English actor Sir Michael Caine and guests at the honoree reception prior to the Banquet of the Golden Plate ceremonies.

The Academy’s 2017 delegates included some of the world’s most promising young scholars, scientists and entrepreneurs — Marshall Scholars, Soros Fellows, medical students and young physicians of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the Harvard-MIT Medical Scientist Training Program — as well as scholars from the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Israel. Many have founded their own companies, nonprofits and NGOs. One is the Mayor of Ithaca, New York, and another is a member of Israel’s parliament.

Academy Awards Council member and broadcast journalist Chris Wallace with 2017 Summit delegates (left to right): Elizabeth Byrne, Hannah Schneider, Megan Musilli, and Ruth Kagan at Claridge’s Hotel in Mayfair, London.

Among the public servants attending the 2017 Summit were the 42nd President of the United States, William Jefferson Clinton; Supreme Court Justices Anthony M. Kennedy and Neil Gorsuch; the President of Rwanda, His Excellency Paul Kagame; the former Prime Minister of Israel, Ehud Barak; former CIA Director David Petraeus; ACLU Director Anthony Romero; attorney Barry Scheck; financier and philanthropist Lord Jacob Rothschild; and His Eminence Cardinal Ernest Simoni.

Council member Lord Jacob Rothschild presents the Golden Plate Award to British architect Lord Norman Foster.

Leading scientists participating in the Summit included the pioneer of CRISPR technology, Dr. Jennifer Doudna; integrative medicine pioneer Dr. Andrew Weil; biomedical engineer Dr. Robert Langer; the Astronomer Royal, Lord Martin Rees; Chief of Surgery at the National Cancer Institute Dr. Steven Rosenberg; and the following recipients of the Nobel Prize: Sir Andre Geim, Sir John Gurdon, Dr. F. Duncan M. Haldane, Dr. Brian Kobilka, Dr. Robert Lefkowitz, Dr. Randy Schekman, Dr. Joseph Stiglitz and Sir Venki Ramakrishnan, President of the Royal Society.

Awards Council member and former Prime Minister of Israel Ehud Barak presents the Golden Plate Award to Nobel Prize recipient Svetlana Alexievich at a ceremony during the 2017 International Achievement Summit in London.

Major literary figures in attendance included recipients of Britain’s Man-Booker Prize John Banville and A.S. Byatt, and two Nobel laureates in Literature, Svetlana Alexievich and Kazuo Ishiguro. Other journalists and authors in attendance included Pulitzer Prize recipients Rick Atkinson and photojournalist Lynsey Addario, bestselling author and documentary filmmaker Sebastian Junger, and broadcasters Charlie Rose and Chris Wallace. More domains of art were represented by legendary fashion designer Valentino Garavani and world-renowned architect Lord Norman Foster.

Academy member and award-winning British theater and costume designer John Napier presents the Golden Plate Award to English novelist and essayist Dame Antonia Susan Byatt at the 2017 Summit in Mayfair, London.

Business leaders at the Summit included iPod mastermind Tony Fadell; McLaren Technology founder Ron Dennis; Boots-Walgreens CEO Stefano Pessina; and Two Sigma founders John Overdeck and Dr. David Siegel. Among the honorees, guests and Awards Council members from the worlds of film and theater were Tony Award-winning director Bartlett Sher, Oscar-winning film director Sir Peter Jackson, and Oscar-winning actors Jeremy Irons and Sir Michael Caine.

Two members of the Academy Class of 2017: Award-winning English singer-songwriters Peter Gabriel and Sting.

Musical luminaries appearing at the Summit were world-renowned violinist Joshua Bell, now the director of the Academy of St. Martin in the Fields; Genesis founder and two-time Rock and Roll Hall of Fame honoree Peter Gabriel; legendary guitarist and Led Zeppelin founder Jimmy Page; and 16-time Grammy Award winner Sting.

Academy Awards Council member and Artistic Director of the Royal Shakespeare Company, Sir Trevor Nunn, presents the Academy of Achievement’s Golden Plate Award to critically-acclaimed Irish novelist John Banville.

The world of sport was represented by Sir Roger Bannister — whose breaking of the four-minute mile was ranked by Sports Illustrated as the greatest sporting achievement of the 20th century — and by America’s most decorated gymnast, four-time Olympic gold medalist Simone Biles.

Council member General David H. Petraeus, USA presents the Academy of Achievement’s Golden Plate Award to the CEO of Walgreens Boots Alliance, Stefano Pessina, during a ceremony at Claridge’s Hotel in Mayfair, London.

The 2017 Summit Host was Catherine B. Reynolds, Chairman and CEO of The Catherine B. Reynolds Foundation. The Summit was made possible by a generous grant from The Catherine B. Reynolds Foundation.

Two members of the Class of 2017: fashion designer Valentino Garavani, the “Living Martyr” of Albania, Cardinal Ernest Simoni, with the Academy’s 52nd annual International Achievement Summit Host, Catherine B. Reynolds.

Delegates and honorees alike gathered on the evening of Tuesday, October 17 — an unseasonably mild, clear day for London in autumn — in the celebrated Art Deco ballroom of Claridge’s, the legendary haunt of royalty, film stars and the international set. Summit Host Catherine B. Reynolds welcomed the assembled guests before introducing a longtime member of the Academy, Supreme Court Justice Anthony M. Kennedy.

Anthony M. Kennedy, Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, addresses Academy Summit delegates.

Justice Kennedy warmly recalled his student days at the London School of Economics and praised the civility he observed then among ideological antagonists, even between demonstrators and police at the height of Britain’s “Ban the Bomb” movement. The Justice identified a “crisis of civility” in our own time, and called for a return to the principle of civic dialogue, born in ancient Athens and essential to democracy today.

Bartlett Sher, Tony Award-winning theater director and member of the Class of 2017, addresses Summit delegates.

A member of the Academy’s Class of 2000, Oscar-winning actor Jeremy Irons, took the stage to introduce Tony Award-winning Broadway director Bartlett Sher and present him with the Academy’s Golden Plate Award as the first inductee of the Academy’s Class of 2017. Bartlett Sher spoke passionately of his life in the theater, and the ways in which a play such as Oslo, which deals with the Middle East peace process, took on completely different significance, in the light of current events, when he staged it in different cities over a period of less than two years.

Awards Council member and British cosmologist Lord Martin Rees presents the Golden Plate Award to Demis Hassabis, a British pioneer of artificial intelligence and Founder & CEO of DeepMind, at a ceremony in London.

A member of the Academy’s Class of 1999, Britain’s Astronomer Royal, Lord Martin Rees, introduced the next honoree, Dr. Demis Hassabis, founder of artificial intelligence company DeepMind. As Hassabis put it, at DeepMind he has set his colleagues the task of “solving intelligence, then solving everything else.” A former chess prodigy and international computer games champion, he described his successful effort to build a program that can play the ancient Chinese strategic game Go, and learn from its interaction with human players. The complexity of the game, and its masters’ reliance on intangibles such as intuition, make it a perfect challenge for the development of artificial intelligence.

Jimmy Page, 2017 honoree, English guitarist, and founder of the rock band Led Zeppelin, addresses the delegates.

The evening’s contemplation of the problems of artificial intelligence and the nature of mind was broken by a blast of electric guitar pyrotechnics — a film clip of fretboard wizard Jimmy Page of Led Zeppelin performing his rock classic “Stairway to Heaven.” Following the film clip, Jimmy Page himself took the stage to give a disarmingly humble and self-effacing account of his rise in the world of music. He credits his success to his passion for the music and his persistence in mastering his craft. He shared a sincere pride in the lasting popularity of the music he created, a popularity he attributes to the absolute conviction he and his Led Zeppelin bandmates brought to their work.

Joshua Bell, Academy member and celebrated virtuoso violinist, performs with the renowned chamber orchestra The Academy of St. Martin in the Fields during the opening dinner of the 2017 International Achievement Summit.

From the electric rock of Led Zeppelin, the evening turned to musical excellence of another kind with a visit from Academy member Joshua Bell, a world-renowned violinist and now director of the venerable Academy of St. Martin in the Fields. Along with ten members of his orchestra, Bell presented a fascinating study in musical contrasts. They opened with a spirited performance of the “Summer” movement from Vivaldi’s “The Four Seasons,” followed by another musical depiction of summer from “The Four Seasons of Buenos Aires” by the 20th-century Argentine composer Astor Piazzolla. Joshua Bell and his ensemble brought the same breathtaking energy and near-telepathic precision to Vivaldi’s shimmering Baroque cadences as they did to Piazzolla’s propulsive tango rhythms. After the stimulating discussion and dazzling performances of the evening, conversation among delegates and honorees continued into the small hours at a sumptuous reception in the elegant French Salon at Claridge’s.

Academy member Dr. Robert S. Langer, David H. Koch Institute Professor at MIT, addresses the Summit delegates.

The Summit program resumed early Wednesday morning at Claridge’s with a fascinating audiovisual presentation by a member of the Academy’s Class of 2003, Dr. Robert Langer of MIT, the most prolific inventor and entrepreneur in the field of biotechnology. A mentor to many of the most adventurous thinkers in the field today, Dr. Langer’s work offers the potential to grow human tissues in the laboratory for the replacement or repair of damaged organs.

Simone Biles, 2017 honoree and first U.S. gymnast to win four Olympic gold medals, addresses Summit delegates.

Four-time Olympic gold medalist Simone Biles, a 2017 honoree, gave a graceful and articulate account of her progress from an impoverished childhood, abandoned by her drug-addicted mother, to her reign as America’s most decorated gymnast.

Nobel Prize-winning British author and 2017 honoree Kazuo Ishiguro addresses the Academy Summit delegates.

Kazuo Ishiguro, author of the international bestsellers The Remains of the Day and Never Let Me Go, was already one of Britain’s most honored novelists when he was invited to attend the International Achievement Summit as an honoree. Less than two weeks before the Summit, he was awarded the world of letters’ highest honor, the Nobel Prize in Literature. The Japanese-born, British-educated author described the small moments of discovery that enabled him to find himself as a writer, in terms of both technique and subject matter.

Nobel Prize-winning structural biologist and 2017 honoree Dr. Venki Ramakrishnan addresses Summit delegates.

Another intriguing speaker that morning was Sir Venki Ramakrishnan, the president of the world’s oldest scientific association, Britain’s Royal Society. Born in India and educated in the United States, he made a crucial decision to take up the study of biology after he had already completed a doctorate in physics. This unusual choice made it difficult for him to pursue an academic career in the United States, but he eventually won a position as chief of the molecular biology lab at Cambridge University. His exploration of the molecular structure of the ribosome, and its implication for protein synthesis and the antibiotic function, earned him the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Peter Gabriel, English singer-songwriter and humanitarian, addresses Academy Summit delegates at Claridge’s.

Peter Gabriel is a two-time honoree of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, as founder and lead singer of the progressive rock band Genesis, and for his stellar career as a solo artist. Looking back at his early struggles as a musician, he urged his listeners to heed their inner voices and leave the criticism to others. He also recalled the experiences that led to his interest in international human rights causes, and his efforts to promote world music through the WOMAD Festival.

Cardinal Ernest Simoni addresses Academy Summit delegates and members in London. Cardinal Simoni endured 28 years of dire imprisonment and forced labor under Albania communist rulers for refusing to renounce his faith.

A member of the Academy’s Class of 1998, Dr. Andrew Weil is a pioneer of integrative medicine, the synthesis of Western medicine with medical knowledge derived from other sources and traditions. A trained botanist, his study has embraced a vast variety of medicinal herbs and organic substances. On this occasion, he spoke about the history, chemistry, and biology of cannabis. As a fourth-year student at Harvard Medical School, Dr. Weil conducted the first double-blind placebo study of cannabis. In a briskly erudite survey, Dr. Weil moved from the culinary and industrial uses of hemp products to the medicinal potential of cannabis and the legal and political obstacles to its thorough study and exploitation.

2017 honoree Paul Kagame, President of the Republic of Rwanda, addresses Summit delegates in Mayfair, London.

Cardinal Ernest Simoni, who survived a lifetime of persecution for his faith under a Communist dictatorship in Albania, recalled the circumstances that led to his arrest and imprisonment. Twice sentenced to death, his sentence was commuted to hard labor. Cardinal Simoni, who speaks both Albanian and Italian, delivered his remarks through an Italian interpreter. He affirmed his belief that God’s power is love and noted that he forgave his oppressors at every turn, prayed for them and said mass for them.

Awards Council member Lord Jacob Rothschild presents the Academy of Achievement’s Golden Plate Award to Dr. Jennifer A. Doudna, co-developer of the CRISPR gene editing technology, in a ceremony at Claridge’s in London.

Anthony Romero, the Director of the American Civil Liberties Union, discussed the experience of his immigrant parents, and his own life growing up in New York City, to explain the origins of his interest in social justice issues, and the passion that drove him to become the first member of his family to go to college, and then on to law school and success as an attorney. During a question-and-answer session with the Academy’s delegates, Romero was asked if he thought the right of free speech should be balanced against the need to protect the vulnerable from hurtful or offensive speech. Romero’s answer was blunt. The First Amendment guarantee of the right of free speech exists specifically to protect unpopular speech, he insisted. In an academic setting, the opportunity to hear speech one disagrees with is an essential part of education, he asserted, and the contest of opinions in an open marketplace of ideas is the foundation of democracy.

Jeremy Irons, Academy Awards Council member and English stage and screen actor, addresses Summit delegates.

The last speaker of Wednesday morning’s session was the President of Rwanda, His Excellency Paul Kagame. He detailed his country’s struggle to overcome its tragic past and heal the wounds left by war and genocide.

Nobel Prize recipients: Council member Dr. Peter C. Agre presents the Golden Plate Award to Sir John B. Gurdon.

First, President Kagame related how he won the war against the Rwandan government that perpetrated the genocide of the Tutsi people. He then explained how his government set out to win the peace, encouraging victims and perpetrators to meet through a traditional process of reconciliation known as Gacaca. The President engaged in a thoughtful exchange with the Academy’s student delegates — several from African countries — over issues of postwar reconciliation and economic development. He emphasized that each country must effect its own solutions rather than relying on the outside world for help.

2017 honoree John Overdeck, math genius and co-founder of Two Sigma Investments, addresses the delegates.

Wednesday afternoon’s program resumed after lunch with a presentation by Dr. Jennifer Doudna of the University of California at Berkeley. She is a pioneer of CRISPR technology, the ingenious new technique of genome editing that holds enormous promise for preventing birth defects and treating inherited disease. Dr. Doudna’s charisma and flair for communication made the complex science underlying her discoveries immediately comprehensible.

2017 honoree Sebastian Junger, journalist and filmmaker, addresses Academy delegates at Claridge’s in London.

Academy members and delegates had enjoyed hearing briefly from acclaimed stage and motion picture actor Jeremy Irons on the first evening of the Summit. On Wednesday afternoon Irons gave a charming impromptu talk, discussing the path that led him to discover his life’s passion, along with the challenges and rewards of an actor’s life.

2017: Awards Council member Dr. Robert J. Lefkowitz presents the Academy of Achievement’s Golden Plate Award to Dr. Brian K. Kobilka during the Banquet of the Golden Plate ceremonies in London, England. In 2012, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Drs. Lefkowitz and Kobilka “for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors.”

Sir John Gurdon, the recipient of the 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, reviewed his work in the fields of cell nucleus transplantation and cloning, breakthroughs that initiated a new era of stem cell research. A former master of Trinity College, Cambridge, and the longtime leader of Wellcome’s cancer research arm, now known as the Gurdon Institute, Sir John demonstrated in a few minutes the charm and wisdom that have endeared him to generations of young scientists at Cambridge.

Lord Jacob Rothschild presents the Golden Plate Award to Ron Dennis, the founder of McLaren Technology Group.

John Overdeck is a founder and Co-CEO of the revolutionary investment firm Two Sigma, which deploys cutting-edge data mining to uncover hidden value in the world’s markets. He shared the story of his evolution from teenage math prodigy to executive at Amazon and founder of Two Sigma.

Sir Andre K. Geim, 2017 honoree and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics, addresses the Academy delegates.

One of the most gripping presentations of the Summit came from author and documentary filmmaker Sebastian Junger. Author of the bestseller The Perfect Storm, among others, he showed a trailer for his new film, Hell on Earth: The Fall of Syria and the Rise of Isis. Junger looked back at his experiences as a war correspondent and shared the insight that men and women living through horrific circumstances may experience a depth of meaning in their relationships that they cannot easily recapture when they return to everyday life.

Tony Fadell, Academy member and co-creator of the iPod and Nest Labs, addresses Summit delegates in London.

The youngest member of the United States Supreme Court, Justice Neil Gorsuch, a former Marshall Scholar, shared the impact that his studies in Britain and his experience as a federal judge have had on his understanding of the Constitution, and the importance of tolerance, decency, and respect for the truth.

Dr. Joseph E. Stiglitz, Awards Council member and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Economics, presents the Golden Plate Award to Dr. David Siegel, a quantitative hedge fund pioneer and the co-founder of Two Sigma Investments.

The most successful team chief in the history of Formula 1 racing, Ron Dennis recently retired as Chairman of McLaren Technology Group, the family of companies he created over 30 years ago. A longtime leader in British industry and engineering, he retraced his life’s journey, from his first travels as a teenage mechanic to taking over the company he worked for, revolutionizing the manufacture of high-performance cars, and building a diversified multibillion-dollar company employing thousands of people. None of this would have been possible, he noted, without the passion for cars, racing, and technology that drove him from the very beginning.

Justice Anthony M. Kennedy takes a question from delegate Stav Shaffir, Israel’s youngest member of the Knesset.

A recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Sir Andre Geim demonstrated that excellence in research and a sense of humor are not mutually exclusive. A native of Russia who now makes his home in England, he laced his audiovisual presentation with dry humor. He retraced the route that led him from Russia, where he was born and educated, to Manchester, England, where he now teaches and conducts his research. With startling visual aids, he explained the experiments with magnetism that eventually led to his historic creation of graphene, a strong and highly conductive form of carbon, a single atom thick, with virtually unlimited applications in science and industry.

Kim Petras, Academy delegate and singer-songwriter, performs at 2017 Banquet of the Golden Plate ceremonies.

A love of music first inspired inventor Tony Fadell to create a pocket-sized digital music player, the forerunner of the iPod. Fadell recalled how Apple Computer chief Steve Jobs saw the potential of Fadell’s idea and hired him to develop the iPod, and later the iPhone, devices that have changed our way of life. In his warm, unassuming address, Fadell emphasized the experience of failure and the determination to overcome it as essential components of success. In his own career, he persisted in a long uphill struggle to develop new consumer devices for digital media, when investors were only interested in online services, not new hardware. In a lively question-and-answer session, he considered the social impact of handheld devices and the future role of artificial intelligence.

President Bill Clinton presents the Academy of Achievement’s Golden Plate Award to singer and songwriter Sting.

Computer scientist Dr. David Siegel, a founder and Co-CEO of Two Sigma Investments, further pursued the transformative potential of artificial intelligence, while cautioning his listeners of the cultural and economic dislocations it may cause. In a question-and-answer session, he criticized the short-term thinking of many in the venture capital community and called for a greater degree of government oversight and for greater diversity within government itself.

Sting performing an acoustic concert to close the Banquet of the Golden Plate dinner held at Claridge’s Ballroom.

Having opened the Summit’s proceedings on Tuesday evening, Justice Kennedy closed them on Wednesday afternoon. He returned to the theme of civic discourse and the pursuit of truth as the foundation of a free society and urged the Academy’s young delegates to revisit the values underlying our Constitution and find ways to preserve them in our new age of digital communications. “You can’t preserve what you haven’t studied,” he reminded his listeners. “You can’t protect what you’ve not discussed. You cannot defend what you do not know.”

Dr. Robert Langer and wife, Laura, with young biotechnology leaders from around the world, Summit delegates (left to right): Dr. Oliver Jonas, Dr. Mark Tibbitt, Dr. Molly Stevens, Dr. Armon Sharei, and Dr. Kathryn A. Whitehead.

The 2017 International Achievement Summit culminated in the Banquet of the Golden Plate, held in the famous ballroom at Claridge’s, dramatically lit for the occasion and overflowing with flowers. As a member of the Academy’s Awards Council presented the Golden Plate Award to each new honoree, Jeremy Irons read a brief citation celebrating the inductee’s accomplishments.

During the course of the evening, the assembled members, guests, and delegates heard a song from one of the Academy’s delegates, the young German singer and songwriter Kim Petras, who at age 23 is already making waves in the music world.

Awards Council member Tony Fadell presents the Golden Plate Award to Led Zeppelin founder Jimmy Page.

As the last presenter and honoree at the evening’s ceremony, President William Jefferson Clinton presented the Golden Plate to the singer and songwriter Sting. Following dinner, President Clinton returned to the stage to share some memories of his friend. He recalled traveling on a relief mission to Haiti in the aftermath of a devastating earthquake, and his surprise at encountering Sting delivering relief supplies to a remote village. Following President Clinton’s warm introduction, Sting took the stage, guitar in hand. Accompanied by a second guitarist and a drummer, he performed exquisite acoustic arrangements of his most famous songs, including “Every Breath You Take” and “Roxanne.” Although he could easily have held the audience rapt for hours more, he ended the set with a song he noted is often broadcast during times of crisis or catastrophe — “Fragile.”

A panel discussion with two Academy delegate alumni and one current delegate: International human rights attorney Jennifer Robinson (Academy Class of 2008), founder and CEO of GoldieBlox Debbie Sterling (Academy Class of 2014), and 2017 delegate and youngest serving member of Israel’s parliament, the Knesset, Stav Shaffir.

Following the Banquet, the honorees, guests, and delegates swarmed the salons and drawing rooms of Claridge’s, celebrating new friendships and continuing their explorations of the many issues they had heard discussed over the course of the day. The final program of the London portion of the Summit convened Thursday morning, with another sequence of fascinating speakers.

A dramatically-lit view of the iconic hotel Cliveden House, a grand, stately home with panoramic views over the Berkshire countryside and the River Thames. The house is surrounded by 376 acres of National Trust formal gardens and parkland. The original Cliveden was built in 1666 for the 2nd Duke of Buckingham, and the present Italianate mansion was built in 1851 by architect Charles Barry for the 2nd Duke of Sutherland. Queen Victoria was famously “not amused” at the Duke of Westminster’s decision to sell Cliveden to the Astor family in 1893. In 1942, the family gave Cliveden to the National Trust with the proviso that the family could continue to live in the house.

As at previous Summits, the Academy conducted a comprehensive series of video interviews with its honorees to preserve their personal journeys for students and teachers around the world. The interviews will be featured on the Academy website as well as the popular “What It Takes” podcast series. The Academy members who were interviewed at the 2017 Summit included President Bill Clinton, Jimmy Page, Simone Biles, Sir Venki RamakrishnanKazuo IshiguroJohn BanvilleLord Norman Foster. and Lord Martin Rees.

Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire: Blenheim Palace was built as a gift to John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, from Queen Anne and a grateful nation in thanks for his victory at the Battle of Blenheim on 13th August 1704. Today, the palace is home to the 12th Duke of Marlborough and his family, and to one of the most important and extensive collections in Europe, which includes portraits, furniture, sculpture and tapestries.

The morning’s second speaker, famed broadcaster Charlie Rose, invoked the power of questions as a tool for finding truth in the midst of controversy. The Irish novelist John Banville, winner of the Man-Booker Prize for his 2005 novel, The Sea, gave a witty account of his lifelong passion for literature. Filmmaker Sir Peter Jackson, best known for his Oscar-winning trilogy, The Lord of the Rings, described his youth in a small town in New Zealand, and his early passion for filmmaking. A homemade horror film he created with his friends led him to the Cannes Film Festival and a career as one of the most successful filmmakers of all time. Dr. F. Duncan M. Haldane, a recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics, described his research into exotic states of matter, such as his discovery of topological quantum matter and his exploration of the physics of light.

British Imperial Military Band greets Academy members and Marshall Scholars at the entrance of Blenheim Palace. The band is made up of ex-military musicians from the British services; The Army, The RAF and The Royal Marines.

The last symposium session of the 2017 International Achievement Summit concluded with a panel discussion with three of the Academy’s delegate alumni. Jennifer Robinson attended the 2008 Summit as a Rhodes Scholar. She is now an international human rights attorney, whose clients include WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange. Debbie Sterling attended the 2014 Summit as a delegate. She is the founder and CEO of GoldieBlox, a unique and successful line of construction toys designed to interest young girls in building and engineering. Stav Shaffir, a delegate to the 2017 Summit, is the youngest serving member of Israel’s parliament —the Knesset — and the youngest female parliamentarian in Israel’s history. Prior to her election, she was a nationally known journalist and social activist. In a freewheeling discussion with their fellow delegates, they compared the influences and imperatives that led them to their respective courses in life.

Oxford Youth Girls Choir performs “Le Ruisseau” (Gabriel Fauré), “Corpus Christi Carol” (Benjamin Britten), and “Tundra” (Ola Gjeilo), as Academy guests enter the Long Library for dinner. Behind the choir is the Willis Organ, the largest organ in private ownership in Europe, with its four manuals and pedals, 2300 pipes and 53 speaking stops.

While Summit delegates returned to their respective studies and careers, Academy members participated in a retreat to the English countryside to explore the stately homes of Southeast England’s home counties. Academy members and guests stayed at historic Cliveden House, set among classical gardens, where they enjoyed panoramic views of the idyllic countryside and the glittering River Thames, and relaxed in the house’s graceful salons, adorned with paintings, tapestries, statuary and antique armor.

Charles James Spencer-Churchill, 12th Duke of Marlborough, welcomes the Academy guests to Blenheim Palace.

In Cliveden’s ornate French Dining Room, Academy members and guests heard Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and author Rick Atkinson recount the dramatic history of the house. Previously home to the Dukes of Buckinghamshire and Somerset, and the Prince of Wales, in the 20th century it was purchased by William Waldorf Astor, an expatriate American who was ennobled for his services to Britain during the First World War. The first Viscount Astor gave the estate as a wedding present to his son Waldorf Astor and Waldorf’s American wife, Nancy, whose likeness can be seen in the house’s Great Hall in a radiant portrait by John Singer Sargent. In time, Waldorf became the 2nd Viscount Astor, and his wife the first woman to take a seat in Parliament. Through the decades preceding the Second World War, their house became a favorite gathering place for Britain’s literary and political intelligentsia.

Academy member and track and field legend Sir Roger Bannister seated with Jeremy Irons during dinner in the Long Library at Blenheim Palace. Earlier during the program, Wayne Reynolds gave a touching tribute highlighting Sir Roger’s achievements through the years. Sir Roger, immortalized for running the first sub-four-minute mile, completed medical school, had a distinguished career as a neurologist, and was later knighted by the Queen.

In the evening, the company traveled to an even more storied location, majestic Blenheim Palace, built in the first years of the 18th century to honor John Churchill, the first Duke of Marlborough, for his victories over the armies of Louis XIV. For 400 years it has been home to successive Dukes of Marlborough and their families. Britain’s wartime prime minister, Winston Churchill, a grandson of the 7th Duke, was born there in 1874.

Justice Neil M. Gorsuch and his wife, Louise, at dinner in the Long Library at Blenheim Palace. The Long Library is thought to be the second longest room in any house in England. The library is home to more than 10,000 books collected by the 9th Duke of Marlborough. As well as portraits of past monarchs, the room houses a number of portraits of members of the Marlborough family. Above the bookcases are portraits of Queen Anne, King William III and the 1st Duke, together with those of three of the Duke’s daughters: Elizabeth, Countess of Bridgewater; Anne, Countess of Sunderland; and Mary, Duchess of Montagu. At the end of the elegant library, the magnificent Willis Organ was installed by the Duke and Duchess in 1891. It bears the inscription: “In memory of happy days and as a tribute to this glorious home we leave thy voice to speak within these walls in years to come when ours are still.”

Joining 70 Marshall Scholars from nearby Oxford, Academy members were greeted on their arrival at Blenheim by a British Army band, resplendent in red coats and bearskin hats. The party toured the palace’s public rooms, hung with tapestries illustrating the first Duke’s victories, and admired the portraits of successive Dukes and their families, created by Britain’s most famous artists. The assembly dined in the palace’s justifiably famous Long Library. With the entire party of 102 seated at a single long table, Charles James Spencer-Churchill, the 12th Duke of Marlborough, personally welcomed the company to his home.

At the conclusion of dinner, guests move to the Palace’s courtyard and enjoy a final song by the Oxford Choir.

Over dinner, guests were serenaded by the Oxford Girls’ Choir. Retired General David Petraeus, former director of the CIA, discussed the special relationship between the United States and Britain. He focused on the role played by Winston Churchill, the son of an American mother, in forging a wartime alliance, through his close collaboration with President Franklin Roosevelt and General Dwight Eisenhower.

Academy of Achievement guests are treated to a dramatic display of fireworks as they depart Blenheim Palace.

Supreme Court Justice Neil Gorsuch shared with the Marshall Scholars some warm memories of his own experiences as a Marshall Scholar at Oxford. Following dinner, the guests exited by way of the palace’s immense courtyard, where they were treated to a spectacular display of fireworks, soaring over the Oxfordshire countryside.

Waddesdon Manor, Buckinghamshire, England: Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild wanted an estate where he could escape London in the summer months to entertain family and friends for weekend house parties. Ferdinand wanted the exterior of the house to be in the style of the French Renaissance châteaux of the Loire Valley and engaged a French architect, Gabriel-Hippolyte Destailleur. In 1883, the house was completed. After the war, James de Rothschild bequeathed Waddesdon to the National Trust, with a large part of the collections and an area of the garden. His widow, Dorothy, oversaw the opening of the house to the public in 1959. Lord Rothschild, her heir, expanded the project into a complete renovation of the house and its services. The Rothschild Foundation continues to manage the property on behalf of the National Trust, as well as providing the majority of the funding.

On Friday afternoon, the Academy members traveled from Cliveden to another of the historic homes of Southeast England, Waddesdon Manor, built by Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild in the style of a French chateau.

Catherine B. Reynolds with Academy members Lord Jacob Rothschild, General David H. Petraeus, USA, and Ehud Barak in the White Drawing Room at Waddesdon Manor. Lord Jacob Rothschild, a distinguished philanthropist and arts patron, hosted Academy members and spouses to an intimate luncheon in the White Drawing Room, one of Waddesdon’s dining rooms, which houses a collection of 18th-century French furniture and British portraits. After the luncheon, Lord Rothschild gave a private tour of the wine cellars with historic wines dating back to 1868.

The Academy was given a private tour of the manor’s art treasures by Baron Jacob Rothschild, who hosted an intimate luncheon party in one of the manor’s exquisite drawing rooms. After lunch, Lord Rothschild took his guests for a tour of the manor’s cellar, a veritable wine museum maintained by the Rothschild family, well known for their many wine estates in France.

Academy members and spouses enjoy an intimate luncheon in the White Drawing Room at Waddesdon Manor.

On their return to Cliveden that afternoon, the Academy members heard from the Academy’s last new honoree of 2017. The courageous photojournalist Lynsey Addario was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for The New York Times Magazine photo essay “Talibanistan.” While her stunning photographs were projected on a large video screen, she recounted the extraordinary dangers and ordeals she had endured to cover her stories, including capture and imprisonment during Libya’s civil war.  General David Petraeus and Rick Atkinson presented the Academy’s Golden Plate Award to Addario following her presentation. The last speaker of the afternoon was Lord Martin Rees, the Astronomer Royal, who shared his witty and imaginative speculations about the future of such phenomena as the independent evolution of intelligent machines in outer space.

Awards Council members Rick Atkinson, Pulitzer Prize-winning historian and journalist, and General David H. Petraeus, USA, former Director of the CIA, present the Academy of Achievement’s Golden Plate Award to Pulitzer Prize-winning photojournalist Lynsey Addario following her presentation at iconic Cliveden House in Berkshire.

Following the last dinner at Cliveden, Academy members and guests repaired to the Great Hall, where, comfortably seated in overstuffed chairs, they enjoyed the final presentation of their stay. Academy Chairman Wayne Reynolds recounted his meeting with the late Judge Frank M. Johnson, a hero of the civil rights era. He played a short video of Judge Johnson’s interview, recorded by the Academy, and discussed plans to build a museum in Montgomery, Alabama, honoring Judge Johnson’s role in history.

Academy members enjoy a quiet conversation before the final dinner of the Summit:  Academy Award-winning director Peter Jackson and Barry Scheck, co-founder of The Innocence Project, in The Great Hall, Cliveden House.

Chairman Reynolds showed a second video clip of another Academy member, author James A. Michener, describing the turning point of his life, a brush with death during World War II that motivated him to live the rest of his life “as though I were a great man.” Michener’s literary career began with his book Tales of the South Pacific, which inspired a classic Broadway musical. In 2008, Academy honoree Bartlett Sher won a Tony Award for directing an acclaimed revival of the show. After his presentation, Chairman Reynolds introduced the star of that production — Kelli O’Hara.

Academy of Achievement Chairman Wayne R. Reynolds recounts a meeting with the late Judge Frank M. Johnson, a hero of the civil rights era, before introducing a video of Judge Johnson’s interview, recorded by the Academy.

O’Hara confirmed her reputation as Broadway’s brightest star, performing songs from South Pacific, and from another Rodgers and Hammerstein classic, The King and I. In 2015, O’Hara won Broadway’s Tony Award for her starring performance in The King and I, also directed by Bartlett Sher. She was joined in duets by a rising star of television and Broadway, Drew Gehling. O’Hara’s infectious personality, dramatic gifts, and soaring voice captivated the audience and left the Academy members glowing and inspired to continue their impressive works in their respective careers.

Tony Award-winning soprano Kelli O’Hara performs songs from the Rodgers and Hammerstein Broadway musicals The King and I and South Pacific by the portrait of Nancy Astor by John Singer Sargent in the Great Hall at Cliveden.

For four days in London and the English countryside, exceptional men and women of many backgrounds, different nations, different generations, diverse philosophies and divergent strains of belief had celebrated our common humanity by exchanging ideas in a civilized atmosphere, without competition, envy or rancor. As Academy members return to their vocations, and the Academy’s young delegates discover their own, we hope they will carry the same generous, open-minded spirit wherever they go.

Dame Antonia Susan Byatt
English Novelist and Essayist
Valentino Garavani
Fashion Design
Sir Andre K. Geim
Nobel Prize in Physics
Neil M. Gorsuch
Justice, Supreme Court of the United States
F. Duncan M. Haldane, Ph.D.
Nobel Prize in Physics
Sebastian Junger
Journalist and Filmmaker
Brian K. Kobilka, M.D.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry
John Overdeck
Co-founder, Two Sigma Investments
Guitarist and Founder of Led Zeppelin
Stefano Pessina
CEO, Walgreens Boots Alliance
Charlie Rose
Broadcast Journalism
Randy W. Schekman, Ph.D.
Nobel Prize in Medicine
Bartlett Sher
Tony Award-winning Theater Director
David Siegel, Ph.D.
Pioneer in Technology and Investment Management
Ernest Cardinal Simoni
Albania's Heroic Servant of God
Songwriters Hall of Fame

The heartfelt enthusiasm and genuine, unaffected gratitude of the student delegates are among the most rewarding aspects of the International Achievement Summit. We invite you to share in their close encounters with Academy members and fellow delegates, as described in their own words.

Julius Bright Ross

Marshall Scholar, University of Oxford

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds,

I have puzzled long and hard over how to properly express my thanks for the opportunity to attend this year’s Summit and the dinner at Blenheim.

After all, how does one put into words the bafflement and amazement felt at meeting not one, not two, but scores of real-life heroes?

And to do so in a setting more amazing than I could have imagined existed from my childhood home on a tiny rock in the middle of the Pacific? You gave this island boy an unforgettable experience and any words I use to thank you would be severely lacking.

Julius Bright Ross

Julius Bright Ross grew up on Easter Island in the South Pacific, where he first became passionate about conservation. While at Harvard, he conducted original field research in Panama, the Dominican Republic and Costa Rica. He wrote his senior thesis on deer ecology in Northern Italy. He is a native speaker of both Spanish and English, and is conversant in Italian and the Rapa Nui dialect of Easter Island. This spring, Bright Ross graduated from Harvard with a degree in integrative biology, and a secondary field of study in environmental science and public policy. As a Marshall Scholar, he is pursuing a Ph.D. in zoology at the University of Oxford. He is writing his dissertation on the impact of badgers on CO2 retention in forest soils.

Grace Cassy

Co-founder, Epsilon Advisory Partners

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds,

I can hardly believe the wonderful experience I had at the Academy Summit in London. It was a huge honor to meet so many of my scientific heroes including Lord Martin Rees and Dr. Venki Ramakrishnan of my Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge. To have the chance to spend time with them, and to share dinner conversation with both Dr. Bob Lefkowitz and Professor Joe Stiglitz, was unforgettable. Lacking a Nobel, I was left to try to amuse them with foreign policy tales…

As I said to Catherine after the Banquet, the Symposium felt like drinking from an intellectual firehose.

Every speaker seemed to combine the simple and the profound, and I was moved to tears at least three times – by Kazuo Ishiguro, Anthony Romero, and Justice Kennedy.

And among all the great achievers, I was fortunate to see old friends like Debbie Sterling and make new ones amongst the 2017 Delegates. And we had such fun too!

So, a profound thank you to you both for enabling this wonderful event to happen, and for including me this year. I left inspired to make you proud of that decision in the future.

Grace Cassy

Prior to co-founding Epsilon in 2008, Cassy spent 10 years in the diplomatic service of the United Kingdom. From 2004 to 2006, she was a foreign policy private secretary to Prime Minister Tony Blair, specializing in Asia and national security. Through its global network, Epsilon Advisory Partners advises clients operating at the intersection of government, enterprise, technology and society. She is also a co-founder of CyLon (Cyber London), Europe’s first dedicated cybersecurity accelerator program and incubator space. HutZero, a CyLon-sponsored project she also co- founded, is dedicated to cyber entrepreneurs at the very start of their journeys. Cassy graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge in 1997 with a degree in history.

Eran Hodis

Soros Fellow
Harvard-MIT Health Sciences and Technology Program

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds,

I write to express my sincere gratitude for your having invited and hosted me as a 2017 Academy of Achievement Delegate. I came away fully inspired and re-energized in my dedication to my own work. Thank you.

As a scientist and medical student at Harvard and MIT, my day-to-day experience, fortunately, surrounds me with gifted researchers and scientific thinkers. What was special about the Academy of Achievement Summit was the opportunity to meet and learn from leaders across all fields in our society. The chance to exchange words with one of our Supreme Court Justices or with a network television anchor or with a gold-medal Olympian provided a window into the lives and personalities of women and men who lead their respective fields. What a unique delight!

Achievement looks more similar across disparate fields than one might otherwise expect. What unites each of these individuals – the rockstar, the playwright, the Nobel laureate novelist – is the pursuit of a calling and a jumping in whole-body to excel by any means possible in that calling.

I find myself in awe of excellence in any craft because such achievement speaks more about the person than the craft itself. The Academy should be lauded for regularly bringing such individuals together for dialogue and for helping to inspire the next generation.

Beyond making new friends and contacts at the Academy, including my roommate at Claridge’s, the event also strengthened my ties to my fellow Paul and Daisy Soros Fellows as well as with classmates of mine at MIT and Harvard Medical School. Sharing such a unique experience deepened our relationships. I expect we will reminisce about the 2017 Academy of Achievement Summit in London well into the future.

The most important message I took away from this year’s Academy of Achievement Summit was to retain my willingness to fail. It is well accepted that the road to achievement entails a willingness to take on new challenges with high risk of failure – to step into the unknown in service of our higher goals. Less accepted, however, is the observation that with nascent career success comes a powerful aversion to failure, since things are “going well.” To truly reach our dreams we must therefore continually be willing to fail, and fail publicly, in pursuit of making a difference in our life’s calling. Fear of failure holds a greater hobbling power as we accumulate minor victories and begin to feel that we have something to lose.

In my own field, I work to advance knowledge of cancer. I focus on understanding the genetics of cancer, the root cause of the disease. My aspiration is that with each passing decade, our options for treatment expand, until one day a cancer diagnosis is not a scary diagnosis. I think scientific research – hard work and curiosity and creativity and persistence – will surely get us there in time.

Thank you for inviting me to participate as a Delegate in this year’s Academy of Achievement and for graciously hosting me throughout. It is an experience I will cherish and remember.

Should I be able to help the Academy in any way in the future, please do not hesitate to reach out.

Sincerely yours,

Eran Hodis

Born in Haifa, Israel, and raised in Massachusetts, Eran Hodis earned his bachelor’s in math and biology from Boston University. He returned to Israel to study computational biology as a graduate student at the Weizmann Institute of Science. Hodis is currently working toward a Ph.D. in biophysics at Harvard. His ongoing training as an M.D.-Ph.D. student at Harvard Medical School and MIT is supported by the NIH through the Medical Training Program Fellowship. His research in cancer genomics at the Broad Institute and the Dana- Farber Cancer Institute has led to landmark advances in the field. His work has been published in Nature and Science, and highlighted on the front page of The New York Times. In 2015 he was named one of the Forbes “30 Under 30” in science.

Alec Karakatsanis

Founder and Executive Director, Civil Rights Corps

Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds,

It was a great honor to be included at the Summit. So much of my time is spent in American courtrooms and jail cells, thinking with every moment how senseless and unique much of what happens in those places are. In my daily environment, it can be very easy to become ensconced in a certain discourse and to begin accepting the standard thinking that goes along with it. But the people I met the past few days inspired and energized me.

It is my hope radically to transform the American criminal legal system. And it is only by seeking and embracing the kind of diverse stimulation that I felt for the past few days that I can hope to get the ideas necessary to achieve that vision.

I will always be grateful to you both for giving me that experience.

Very truly yours,

Alec Karakatsanis

Alec Karakatsanis created Civil Rights Corps to challenge mass incarceration and to expose other inequities in the nation’s criminal justice system. He is devising new litigation strategies to pursue cases involving human caging, surveillance, war, immigration law, and the death penalty. He has attacked the system of money bail by bringing lawsuits under the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment. Civil Rights Corps has won a series of landmark cases with this strategy, eliminating the money bail system in seven states and other jurisdictions. A graduate of Yale University and Harvard Law School he has published his viewpoint in a 2015 essay in Harvard Law Review, “Policing, Mass Imprisonment, and the Failure of American Lawyers.”

Ensign Megan Musilli, USN

Rhodes Scholar, University of Oxford

Mr. and Mrs. Wayne and Catherine Reynolds,

I am writing to thank you for the once in a lifetime experience you provided for me as a Delegate to the International Achievement Summit. The week felt like an absolute dream, and I am still attempting to process all that happened. Having gone to the Naval Academy, being currently at Oxford, and going to medical school, you can imagine that there was a wide variety of people that I could identify with and learn from.

Having breakfast with four Nobel laureates in Chemistry and Medicine made me think that I should pursue hard science more. Discussing my naval law class with Justice Gorsuch made me think I should specialize in International Law within the military. And discussing the military with Anthony Romero made me feel like I was in the exact right place in my life.

I left the Summit feeling both giddy about all of the wonderful people I had met, but also challenged. I have a new fervor for making my future the most meaningful I possibly can. While my dream continues to be becoming the Surgeon General of the Navy, I have an increased desire to pursue new routes in science, politics, and law. And, I know this was all by design, but I cannot thank you two enough for this new passion.


Ensign Megan Musilli, USN

As a mathematics major at the United States Naval Academy, Megan Musilli completed her honors research in data compression, investigated traumatic brain injury at Walter Reed Medical Center, and studied satellite tracking at Lawrence Livermore. She studied in Istanbul during her junior year, and served on a Navy hospital ship during a 2015 humanitarian deployment to Panama and El Salvador. As a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford, she is now reading for master’s degrees in both medical anthropology and public policy. After completing her studies at Oxford she plans to attend medical school and become a Navy physician. She hopes to use her education to help reform the Navy’s medical system and better integrate military doctors into the civilian healthcare system.

Patrick Petitti

Co-founder and Co-CEO, Catalant

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds,

I’m emailing to thank you for an absolutely incredible two days.

I can say with certainty that the Summit was the most inspiring event I have (and, I’m confident, ever will have) attended.

Speaking directly with such remarkable leaders was humbling; hearing that they went through the un-ending hard work, incredible highs, deeper (and more frequent) lows, and periods of self-doubt that I find myself facing as I build my business was beyond encouraging.

I’m already speaking with several delegates about how we can work together, and plans for a Delegate Boston Meetup are in the works. I am more inspired than ever to make a difference in the world. Words cannot express my gratitude, though I plan on proving it through the work I do.

Thank you so very much for a life-changing experience.

Pat Petitti

Patrick Petitti is the co-founder and co-CEO of Catalant, the leading technology platform delivering elite business talent on demand. Petitti drove the fundraising rounds that raised capital for Catalant from General Catalyst, Mark Cuban, Greylock Partners and others. Catalant has built a global network of more than 40,000 boutique consulting firms, custom teams, and independent experts, as well as best-in-class software tools for engaging and managing this market. Based in Boston, Catalant serves thousands of clients, including GE, Pfizer and Staples, as well as others on a confidential basis. Born and raised in Boston, he received his bachelor’s degree in economics, with a minor in political science, from MIT and an MBA from Harvard Business School.

Hannah Schneider

Rhodes Scholar, University of Oxford

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds,

I cannot begin to thank you enough for the incredible gift that the Summit was to me. As a young conductor, it is easy to become discouraged—you keep practicing, keep auditioning, but sometimes the critics are harsh, or it seems you can’t quite break into the upper tiers of the industry. This is why it was such an inspiring experience to interact with other artists, like Jeremy Irons, Peter Jackson, and Bart Sher, and hear about their many struggles and how they persevered. They were so kind, approachable, and generous with their advice.

It was also such a privilege to sit next to Svetlana Alexievich! Having studied violin in Moscow and worked with Valery Gergiev in St. Petersburg, I had much to discuss, and I can hardly think of a wiser, more humble person. She shared much insight.

I am truly in awe of your generosity and vision, and humbled to have been a part of such a magnificent event, amongst such extraordinary people. Thank you, thank you, thank you.

Sincerely yours,

Hannah Schneider

Violinist and conductor Hannah Schneider is completing a master’s in music at Oxford. This year, she took first place in the Oxford conducting competition. Music director of the Oxford Philharmonia, she also founded and directs the Oxford Alternative Orchestra to bring live music to unconventional venues, including hospice facilities and homeless shelters. As a Russian major at Georgetown University, she launched a recording project to discover and promote young musicians from the conflict zone of the North Caucasus. Before graduation, she studied for a year at the Tchaikovsky Conservatory in Moscow, and has since trained as a conductor in St. Petersburg, Russia, where she served for a year as a special assistant to conductor Valery Gergiev.