Jonas Salk: My father was a designer of ladies’ neckwear: blouses and things of that kind. He was a more artistic person. He was a designer in the garment industry, so to speak. And he had not quite graduated from high school — from elementary school.  So that we were not brought up in a family which was already cultured. My mother’s children and my father’s children were the first of their respective generations that went on to college.  So there was something special in the household that was very nurturing for, shall we say, advancing in the world, getting ahead. But whether it was in business or in law or in medicine, so to speak, was not of great concern.